Neuro & Brain

Cervical laminectomy Treatment

Cervical laminectomy

A cervical laminectomy is particular type of surgical procedure designed to decrease pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerve by increasing the area of the spinal canal. During a cervical laminectomy, a minute section of the bony roof of the spine, and then the lamina is separated in order to develop more space particularly for the nerves.

What is cervical laminectomy?

A cervical laminectomy is particular type of surgical procedure designed to decrease pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerve by increasing the area of the spinal canal. During a cervical laminectomy, a minute section of the bony roof of the spine, and then the lamina is separated in order to develop more space particularly for the nerves. A surgeon performing cervical laminectomy can execute a cervical laminectomy by interlinking of vertebrae which is the cervical spinal separating a specific part of a disc.

What is the requirement of Cervical Laminectomy Surgery?

A cervical laminectomy is executed for specific patients with cervical spinal stenosis, which is a narrowing of the spinal canal. Stenosis maybe result by a number of degenerative spine situations involving wear and weird bone discs, and  certain ligaments. A tube like narrow spinal canal can press down the spinal cord and nervous around it and can also a spinal nerve or nerves, resulting into radiculopathy which will improve conditions like weakness, numbness or tingling in one  Compression of the spinal word destroys its smooth tissue and can also result in myelopathy which leads to pain weakness, numbness or tingling in both  the arms and legs causing problem in walking, and also lead to loss of bowel or the  bladder control sometimes.

A laminectomy generally decompresses and removes or lowers the pressure from the spinal cord and spinal nerves. It is mostly effective when done in patients who have a recognisable  compression  leading to  radiculopathy ad myelopathy.

Before the  commencement of  surgery is noted, some non-operational  measures like physical therapy and pain medications are tested. These particular measures relief in many cases. But when other curing plans do not provide relaxation, and a trouble exists that can be surgically improved, surgery is generally  the treatment of choice. Surgery is also particularly necessary for cases in which the spinal cord is pressed down or compressed.

As compared to other surgical processes, a cervical laminectomy includes  a specific level of risk. Although, the process is mostly  safe, and the risks are generally negligible.  Patients generally receive great benefit from this surgery process.

Procedure of Cervical Laminectomy

Before the procedure of cervical laminectomy, the surgical team firstly analyse your heart rate, blood pressure and blood oxygen levels before initiating the operation. Then you are made numb and unconscious so that you cannot feel any sort of pain.

In cervical laminectomy, first the surgeon makes a precise hole in the back over   and then displaces the muscles  away from your spine as required. Then instruments  are used to separate the accurate lamina. Generally the size of the incision can vary relying on your condition and type of body size you carry. Mostly invasive surgeries are generally used to make smaller holes than those utilised for open processes.

The surgeon makes a precise incision in your back on  the affected or problem causing vertebrae and moves the muscles away from your spine as needed. Small instruments are required un order to remove the specific lamina. The size of the incision may vary depending on your condition and body size. Minimally invasive surgeries typically use smaller incisions than those used for open procedures.Page Image

Cervical laminectomy is generally performed as a part of procedure of surgical treatment for a herniated disc, the surgeon also separates the herniated aspect of the disc and any certain pieces which have broken down loose are called as diskectomy.

If the part of your vertebrae has slipped over other or if you have certain curvature of the spine, the spinal fusion maybe essential to neutralize your spine. In the process of spinal fusion, the surgeon associates two or more of your vertebra at a place by using bone graft generally and if required, metal rods and screws are also used for the same purpose. Relying on your condition and individual requirements, the surgeon usually make a smaller and generally invasive incision and the particular surgical microscope is used  in order to perform the surgery.

Effects of cervical laminectomy

Post-surgical pain is generally  controlled with specific intravenous pain medication during the first day, along with, oral pain medication. Generally,  patients are separation the hospital two to three days after the surgery. The  patients are motivated to start walking  as soon as possible, after the completion of surgery.

A soft collar may be advised for comfort and relaxation in patients in whom a fusion has not been done. In patients with fusion,although a firm cervical collar may be medically advised for up to 6 weeks after the surgery.

The surgeon will make a time table following up visit, mostly 4-6 weeks after the completion surgery. Physical therapy that aim at  the neck will be generally initiated at the time of the first  visit with surgeon.  Physical therapy initially includes  stretching and variety motion exercises, and then endurance and boosting training. Physical therapy can also be postponed for an extra 4-6 weeks for patients who are having a spinal fusion.

What are the Benefits of Cervical Laminectomy?

  • Cervical laminectomy is beneficial for decreasing pain and pressure on the spinal cord and spinal nerves as they successfully increase spinal canal.

  •  Relieve in pain elevation and prevent deterioration and provide relaxation of neural compression which is the pressure on the spinal cord and nerves

  • Cervical laminectomy treat pressure on spinal cord resulted by cervical canal, stenosis and spondylosis.

  •  To deal with pressure on multiple spinal nerves in neck which is caused by cervical spondylosis and intervertebral disc prolapse, cervical laminectomy is necessary.

What are the risks involved?

  • Pain can get more bitter and lead to weakness.

  • There are chances of disc collapse and worsened nerve compression.

  • Chronic pain can lead to next level after the cervical laminectomy surgery.

  •  kyphosis can occur which will cause forward collapse of neck which will result in kyphosis which will cause forward collapse of neck  which require another surgery.

  • Another complication after cervical laminectomy is blood transfusion.

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